As we age, there are several factors that change the appearance of our face and skin. Gravity, volume loss, sun and environmental damage to our skin all play a role in the aging process and the appearance of fine and deep lines in our face.
There are two categories of injectables that can be used to soften the appearance of lines and wrinkles: neurotoxins (toxins) and dermal fillers.
Toxins are used to soften the appearance of wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing the muscles which are contracting and forming the wrinkle in an area of the skin. Once movement in this area has decreased or stopped, the appearance of the wrinkles in that area will begin to diminish. Toxins are approved for the treatment of glabellar lines (frown lines between the brows) and results last for several months.
Dermal fillers on the other hand do not paralyze the area. Instead, they are injected under the surface of the skin delivering volume which plumps up the skin, smoothing out the wrinkle or fold.
There are several types of materials used in dermal fillers such as collagen with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), calcium hydroxylapatite, hyaluronic acid (HA), and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA). All of these fillers will completely degrade over a period of a few months up to two years, and will be resorbed into your body, with the exception of PMMA. PMMA microspheres are not degraded, are not absorbed, and therefore provide a long-lasting wrinkle correction.
With all of these filler options on the market, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine what the best choice will be for your needs.
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